Breast cancer is Singapore’s most prevalent cancer among women.
More than 2,000 women are diagnosed with it every year in the country, and more than 400 eventually pass on as a result.
When detected early during the non-invasive stage, it is easier to implement treatment and patients usually have a greater chance of recovery.
For late stage breast cancer, it signifies that the cancer cells have already spread to the surrounding tissue. These cells can then enter the circulatory and lymphatic system, and therefore reach other organs in the body.
Once the cancer cells enter a new area, a metastatic tumour may develop. Breast cancer commonly affects the liver, lungs, and bones.
As a woman, your breasts become completely developed in your 20s. They consist of milk glands and ducts, and each side is surrounded by a layer of fat.
Each breast has around 15 to 20 milk glands that produce milk. This milk is then stored in small ducts that gradually combine together to form larger ducts.
During your reproductive period between 20 and 40 years old, your breasts are affected by your natural hormones. That’s when you might notice your breasts becoming hard, tender, or sore during your menstrual cycle. As you step into your 30s, the milk glands and ducts shrink and are switched out with fibrous and fatty tissue. Breast cancer happens when it develops in these glands and ducts.
Certain factors may raise a woman’s risk of developing this cancer. They include:
As with most types of cancers, the earlier it is detected, the higher your chances of survival.
Here are some common signs of breast cancer:
For older women aged 40 and above, a mammogram is the most trusted tool to detect cancer. It can detect cancer even before you feel any lumps by touching the area with your hand.
Breast cancer is divided into 5 stages:
There are a few known treatments to choose from, categorised mainly under locoregional treatment and systemic treatment.
Some treatments under locoregional treatment are:
Other treatments under systemic treatment are:
As dismal as it sounds, you can still live your life with breast cancer.
It’s important to always keep the disease in check with proper management. A house doctor can help you manage your cancer better to ensure that everything is in order. You can even opt for a telemedicine consultation periodically to help as well!
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Get a doctor’s referral to do vour ART and have your results recorded officially on Healthhub and TraceTogether
For PDT-Tele ART:
Call or Text 9172 0158 to book for appointment once air ticket is confirmed.
On the day of the test, travellers should have the following documents:
1. HSA approved ART kit.
2. Identity card(For Singapore Citizens, Permeant Residents, and Long-Term Pass Holders),
Work Permit or Employment Pass(For Foreign).
4. Flight booking details showing the departure timing.
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